EEOC Continues to Aggressively Pursue Litigation Against Employers
Despite being well over a year into the new Republican administration, the EEOC shows no signs of slowing down its aggressive litigation efforts. In just the last week, the EEOC announced three multi-million dollar settlements of lawsuits that it brought against private employers.
- On July 30, 2018, the EEOC announced that the SLS Hotel, operated by hotel, restaurant and nightlife company called "sbe", will pay $2.5 million and provide other relief to settle the discrimination lawsuit brought by the EEOC. According to the EEOC's lawsuit, black Haitian dishwashers were wrongfully terminated on the basis of their race, color, and national origin and were replaced by a staffing agency workforce of mostly light-skinned Hispanics. The terminated dishwashers worked in the kitchens of The Bazaar by José Andrés, Katsuya, and the Hyde Beach-all restaurant venues located at SLS Hotel, in South Beach.
The dishwashers testified that their supervising chefs referred to them as "slaves" and reprimanded them for speaking Creole, even amongst themselves, while Hispanic employees were allowed to speak Spanish. The testimony also revealed that the black Haitian dishwashers complained to human resources about discrimination and about having a "racist" supervisor but, instead of addressing these complaints, the SLS Hotel fired the entire dishwashing department made up primarily of black Haitians, without providing them an opportunity to apply to the staffing agency before their termination.
- On August 1, 2018, the EEOC announced that a U.S. District Court approved a consent decree between Alorica, Inc. and the EEOC for $3.5 million and remedial measures to resolve a sexual harassment lawsuit. According to the EEOC, male and female customer service employees were subjected to harassment, including a sexually hostile work environment, by managers and coworkers. The EEOC further alleged that the onsite human resources staff failed to properly address the harassment despite repeated complaints by employees.
In addition to the monetary relief, Alorica agreed to significant injunctive relief in the form of a three-year consent decree, which includes the hiring of a third-party monitor; the creation of an internal equal employment opportunity consultant and internal compliance officer; and, sexual harassment training, including incorporating civility and bystander intervention training, for its employees. The company also agreed to revise its anti-discrimination and retaliation policies and procedures as well as maintain records of any future sexual harassment and retaliation complaints, audits, and reporting.
- Also on August 1, 2018, the EEOC announced that Koch Foods, one of the largest poultry suppliers in the world, will pay $3.75 million and furnish other relief to settle a class employment discrimination lawsuit filed by the EEOC. According to the EEOC's lawsuit, Koch subjected Hispanic employees and female employees to a hostile work environment and disparate treatment based on their race/national origin (Hispanic), sex (female), and further retaliated against those who engaged in protected activity. EEOC alleged that supervisors touched and/or made sexually suggestive comments to female Hispanic employees, hit Hispanic employees and charged many of them money for normal everyday work activities. Further, a class of Hispanic employees was subject to retaliation in the form of discharge and other adverse actions after complaining.
In addition to paying the money, Koch Foods will take specified actions designed to prevent future discrimination, including implementing new policies and practices designed to prevent discrimination based on race, sex or national origin; providing anti-discrimination training to employees; creating a 24-hour hotline for reporting discrimination complaints in English and Spanish; and posting policies and anti-discrimination notices in its workplace in English and Spanish.
Note that in all of these cases, the employers did not admit to liability.
The Takeaway: The EEOC continues to file enforcement actions against employers, primarily in the areas of harassment and disability discrimination, which are among its enforcement priorities. One of the major downsides of an EEOC-filed lawsuit is that the EEOC almost always insists on a press release publicizing the amount of any settlement. This is in contrast with the settlements of most privately filed employment lawsuits, where the parties can usually agree to keep the amount of the settlement confidential.